A round table on the topics of industry and environment gathered all documentary movie directors from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, Italy, Greece, Macedonia and Belgium as part of the second Viva festival. As a socially responsible company, the Cement Plant Kakanj supported this festival, in particular the movies focused on the environment.
The national coordinator of the UNIDO National Cleaner Production Program, dr. Sanda Midžić Kurtagić, presented the achieved program results. 10 companies and 20 local experts participated in the program, who, in cooperation with company representatives, are working on identifying the measures for improvement of resource efficiency and cleaner production. So far, the companies have identified numerous measures for improved use of waste heat, energy loss reduction, process water reuse, waste water reduction and recirculation. Some of the identified measures can be implemented at company level but other measures require coordination by all stakeholders, and are identified as a part of “Circular Economy”.
The need for a “circular economy” project brought together all the companies producing organic waste to participate at the NCPP program, such as Madi, Menprom or Prijedorčanka or companies which can use disposed tires or refuse-derived fuel (RDF) as a fuel, such as the Cement Plant Kakanj. RDF is a fuel produced by shredding and dehydrating of solid waste (MSW) with a Waste converter technology. RDF consists largely of combustible components of municipal waste such as plastics and biodegradable waste. In order to organize a circular economy, the industry has to make a great effort to adjust its manufacturing technology. The Cement Plant Kakanj is one of the companies which has invested money and knowledge to adjust its technology process for alternative fuel use; however, there is no RDF producing company in the country yet. Bosnia and Herzegovina is faced with a great waste disposal problem, as waste is disposed of in nature or municipal landfills. Only a few landfills have been built according to high standards. The RDF plant could significantly contribute to reduce the landfilling of biodegradable waste.
In order for “circular economy” to succeed, a legal, institutional and economic framework needs to be in place in order to connect waste producers and collectors with investors which will invest their money into waste processing plants. (Photos courtesy of www.kakanjlive.com i www.kaportal.ba)